Fingertip traumatic amputations in children. Treatment with semiocclusive foil dressings-preliminary results
Keywords:fingertip traumatic amputations, emiocclusive foil dressings, minimally invasive treatment method
Introduction: Traumatic fingertip amputations in childhood constitute 2% of all hand injuries in individuals under the age of 14. These injuries have a significant impact on the psychological and emotional well-being of both the children and their parents. The treatment is multifactorial, dependent on the severity and location of the injury, and can involve both conservative and surgical approaches.
Materials and Methods: The study involved 6 patients between the ages of 8 and 15 with fingertip amputations of the hand. The average duration of treatment with semi-occlusive dressings was between 3-4 weeks. The dressing was changed once a week, and after the final dressing, the border between the wound surface and healthy skin was treated with epithelializing ointments.
Results: The average duration of treatment was 20-30 days. On average, dressings were changed 3-5 times throughout the treatment period. After the completion of treatment, the pulp had a normal shape, and the cosmetic outcome was excellent. No contractures were observed in the adjacent joints, and the two-point discrimination test had an average value of 2.5 mm.
Discussion: Fingertip amputations present challenging injuries with multiple available treatment strategies. The presented technique is relatively simple to apply, reduces pain and discomfort, and allows direct visualization of the wound surface without the need for frequent dressing changes. Treatment with semi-occlusive dressings is a minimally invasive method, particularly suitable for the pediatric age group.
Conclusion: Treatment of fingertip amputations with semi-occlusive foil dressings offers several advantages in childhood. Regular patient follow-up and cooperation from both the child and the parents are essential prerequisites for successful treatment.