Proximal femoral varus osteotomies in childhood-development of osteosynthesis materials
Keywords:Proximal femoral osteotomies, varus osteotomies, osteosynthesis devices
Proximal femoral osteotomies are one of the most commonly used surgical techniques and play an important role in the spatial correction of the hip joint in a number of pediatric orthopedic disorders such as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, Slipped capital femoral epiphysis, Developmental dysplasia of the hip, osteoarthritis, etc.14,21,23,28,30,31
The development of orthopaedic osteosynthesis for fixation of bone fragments includes the use of Kirschner wires, intraosseous nail plates, AO-plates with fixed angle, external fixators, etc. Over time, many of the techniques and osteosynthesis materials have fallen into disuse and have remained only of historical significance.
The purpose of this study is to follow how osteosynthesis fixation devices for varus osteotomies in the proximal femur have historically evolved and developed from the beginning to the present.