VARIABLE ANGLE LOCKING PLATE VERSUS MULTIPLE K WIRE FIXATION FOR INTRA-ARTICULAR DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURE: A PROSPECTIVE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME IN ELDERLY

Authors

  • Arjun V Nath Department of Orthopaedics, Jubilee Mission Medical College & Research Institute,Thrissur, Kerala, India
  • PRAKASH NAYAR Department of Orthopaedics, Jubilee Mission Medical College & Research Institute, Thrissur, Kerala, India https://orcid.org/0009-0002-5485-088X
  • Sanoj Poulose Department of Orthopaedics, Jubilee Mission Medical College & Research Institute, Thrissur, Kerala, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5757-6076

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.58542/jbota.v61i02.117

Keywords:

Distal radius fracture, elderly patients, multiple K-wire fixation, Variable angle locking plate

Abstract

Distal radius fracture (DRF) is a common wrist injury and it accounts for about one-sixth of emergency department visits. In spite of availability of various treatment options, none is universally effective for comminuted intraarticular fracture, because of varied fractures patterns. Two commonly used surgical methods are multiple K-wire fixation and open reduction and internal fixation by variable angle locking plates. Objective of the study was to compare functional outcomes of variable angle locking plate and multiple K wire fixation for intra-articular distal radius fracture in elderly. Prospective observational study was conducted among the patients of distal radius fractures with age more than 50 years. Patients were divided in to two groups with 24 cases in each group. Group one included patients treated with variable angle locking plate and group two included patients treated with multiple K-wires. Post surgery patients were assessed at 6 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months. Evaluation was done clinically, and the outcomes were assessed by using the Disabilities Arm, Shoulder and Hand (quickDASH) score (primary outcome), Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) score, range of motion, grip strength and were compared between the groups. Patients treated with variable angle locking plate was found to have better functional outcome than those treated with multiple K-wire initially during the study, but later by the end of the study at 12 months, both groups were found to be having similar outcomes, with no significant difference between the groups. This signifies that among variable angle locking plate and multiple K-wire fixation, no single procedure is superior to the other in long term.

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Published

08.05.2024

How to Cite

Nath, A. V., NAYAR, P., & Poulose, S. (2024). VARIABLE ANGLE LOCKING PLATE VERSUS MULTIPLE K WIRE FIXATION FOR INTRA-ARTICULAR DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURE: A PROSPECTIVE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME IN ELDERLY. THE JOURNAL OF THE BULGARIAN ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMA ASSOCIATION, 61(02), 61–78. https://doi.org/10.58542/jbota.v61i02.117

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